Lonavala is one of the coolest city in India. It's placed 615 m or 2017.7 feet above the sea level. Lonavala Surrounded around many mountains, forest, historical places, Lakes, Dams and Much more. You are not getting bored in Lonavala, because there are lots of places to visit. Best time to visit Lonavala in monsoon season. In Monsoon Season you can enjoy watching many waterfalls on the mountain. you can feel cold air and raindrop on your face.
Dams – Best Dams to visit in Lonavala.
There are lots of dams to visit. such as Pawna Dam, Bhushi Dam, Valvan Dam, Mulshi dam and more. but Pawna Dam and Bushi Dam is the most tourist attraction.
1. Pawna Dam
Pavana Dam is constructed across the Pavana River. This is a nice place to spend some time with family and friends. The backwaters of this dam provide a wonderful view. The way from Lonavala to Pavana Dam is 20 km; 40 minutes journey from Lonavala. Pawna Dam is one of the most amazing places to visit near Lonavla. Situated near Lohagad, the Pawna Dam is built over the Pawna river.
Apart from being a tourist place, the dam also plays a significant role in irrigation purposes to the nearby villages. Pawna Dam is also the water source of Pimpri Chinchwad region. The location of the dam is picturesque and can convince any photographer to take a shot of the scenery. The dam is considered one of the best places for a day outing near Pune. The dam is surrounded by famous forts such as Tung, Tikona, Lohagad, and Visapur. The dam can be reached by taking the Mumbai Pune expressway and take the road to the lake from Kamshet.
Lohagad Lohagad has a long history with several dynasties occupying it at different periods of time: Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Yadavas, Bahamanis, Nizams, Mughals and Marathas. Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj captured it in 1648 AD, but he was forced to surrender it to the Mughals in 1665 AD by the Treaty of Purandar. Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj recaptured the fort in 1670 AD and used it for keeping his treasury. This fort was used to keep the loot from Surat. Later in Peshwa time Nana Phadnavis used this fort for living for some time and built several structures in the fort such as a big tank and a step-well.
The lohagad fort also has caves on its south side facing Lohgadwadi. In September 2019 an inscription in Brahmi script in Prakrit language dating back to the 2nd or 1st century BC was discovered by team of trekkers from Pune in the cave on the cliff. The inscription was studied by Dr. Shreekant Pradhan, an ancient Indian paintings scholar working at Deccan College Post Graduate and Research Institute. The inscription was found on the outside wall of a rock-cut cave on the eastern side cliff of the Lohgad fort, close to Lohgadwadi village.
The inscription is written in the Brahmi script and the language is Prakrit influenced Sanskrit.
The inscription is similar to, but more descriptive than, an inscription discovered at Pale caves (Maval) by Mr. R.L.Bhide and studied by archaeologists HD Sankalia and Shobhana Gokhale in 1969. It starts with ‘Namo Arihantanam’ which is commonly used by Jains, pointing to the fact that the Lohgad cave is a Jain rock-cut cave. The inscription at Pale caves also begins in a similar manner and based on Sankalia and Gokhale’s study, it was assumed to be a Jain inscription.
The inscription mentions the name "Ida Rakhita", meaning Indra Rakshita, who donated water cisterns, rock-cut benches to settlements in the area. The inscription at Pale also mentions the same name. The newly discovered inscription is 50c m-wide and 40cm-long and is written in six lines.
The Lohagad Jain cave is near the fort.
The fort has been declared as a protected monument by the government.